BLOOD PRESSURE MEASUREMENT, PULMONARY FUNCTION
MEASUREMENT AND PULSE WAVE MEASUREMENT
Long-term blood pressure measurement
Since blood pressure varies over the course of the day and as a function of stress situations, it is often necessary to record blood pressure over a longer period of time in order to make a diagnosis and monitor therapy. A proven method for this is the so-called long-term blood pressure measurement. Equipped with a small portable blood pressure monitor - the device can easily be worn on or inconspicuously under clothing - blood pressure is measured regularly at time intervals of 15 or 30 minutes over the course of a complete day and a blood pressure profile is created. You as the patient must create an activity profile during this time.
Lung function measurement
In the course of a lifetime, the functional capacity of the lungs decreases. With a lung function measurement, we obtain a summary of the current functional capacity of your lungs with all important basic parameters in a quick and uncomplicated examination. In addition to the flow values, which measure the resistance in the bronchial tubes, the maximum respiratory volume can also be determined. The data analysis provides insights into possible and perhaps even incipient lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and respiratory diseases.
Pulse wave measurement (vascular age)
With increasing age and the accumulation of risk factors such as diabetes, lipid metabolism disorders and nicotine consumption, the vessels stiffen. The elasticity decreases. Today, vascular function can be measured very easily (non-invasively). Pulse wave analysis performed at the Esplanade Cardiovascular Clinic is used for early detection of hypertension and vascular calcification and measures pulse wave velocity as an indicator of vascular stiffness. The increase in vascular stiffness affects cardiovascular function. The values determined by pulse wave analysis provide us with valuable information about vascular age and resulting therapeutic consequences.
Electrical cardioversion - safe and effective against atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation (VHF) can occur in different ways. For example, it can end spontaneously, but it can also persist. If the atrial fibrillation persists, electrical cardioversion can provide relief. Electrical cardioversion is a procedure for the treatment of atrial fibrillation in which a normal sinus rhythm is restored by means of an electric shock. The method can be performed on an outpatient basis and the success rate of this therapy is over 95 percent. After the treatment, the patient receives blood thinners for at least another 4 weeks and an individual therapy to prevent new atrial fibrillation.
Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI measurement)
The ankle-brachial index, ABI for short, is determined by Doppler sonography and blood pressure measurement. It is used to estimate the cardiovascular risk and to assess the progression of vascular calcification of the extremities. In this vascular disease, there is a narrowing of the arteries supplying the extremities. Circulatory disorders in the affected limbs are the result - usually the legs. During treatment, we use a blood pressure cuff to measure blood pressure at the arm and ankle. Both values are compared with each other to determine the ankle-arm index. The result makes it possible to detect occlusive disease and assess its severity. In addition, this method also allows conclusions to be drawn about the individual risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke.